Purpose of Peer Review

Renewable Energy Research and Applications (RERA)

Thank you for the effort and expertise that you contribute to reviewing, without which it would be impossible to maintain the high standards of peer-reviewed journals.

Peer review is a critical element of scholarly publication, and one of the major cornerstones of the scientific process. Peer Review serves two key functions:

  • Acts as a filter: Ensures research is properly verified before being published
  • Improves the quality of the research: Rigorous review by other experts helps to hone key points and correct inadvertent errors



On Being Asked To Review for RERA


Does the article you are being asked to review truly match your expertise?

The Editor who has approached you may not know your work intimately, and may only be aware of your work in a broader context. Only accept an invitation if you are competent to review the article.


Do you have time to review the paper?

Reviewing an article can be quite time consuming. The time taken to review can vary greatly between disciplines and of course on article type, but on average, an article will take about 3-6 hours to review properly. Will you have sufficient time before the deadline stipulated in the invitation to conduct a thorough review? If you cannot conduct the review let the Editor know immediately, and if possible advise the Editor of alternative reviewer(s).


Are there any potential conflicts of interest?

A conflict of interest will not necessarily eliminate you from reviewing an article, but full disclosure to the Editor will allow them to make an informed decision. For example; if you work in the same department or institute as one of the authors; if you have worked on a paper previously with an author; or you have a professional or financial connection to the article. These should all be listed when responding to the Editor’s invitation for review.


Conducting the Review


Reviewing needs to be conducted confidentially, the article you have been asked to review should not be disclosed to a third party. If you wish to elicit an opinion from colleagues or students regarding the article you should let the Editor know beforehand. Most editors welcome additional comments, but whoever else is involved will also need to keep the review process confidential. Although journal practices vary, most journals do not share the identity of the reviewer with the author. To help us protect your identity, please do not reveal your name within the text of your review.

You should not attempt to contact the authorBe aware when you submit your review that any recommendations you make will contribute to the final decision made by the Editor.

Depending upon the journal, you will be asked to evaluate the article on a number of criteria. Some journals provide detailed guidance others do not, but normally you would be expected to evaluate the article according to the following:



Is the article sufficiently novel and interesting to warrant publication? Does it add to the canon of knowledge? Does the article adhere to the RERA's standards? Is the research question an important one? In order to determine its originality and appropriateness for the RERA, it might be helpful to think of the research in terms of what percentile it is in? Is it in the top 25% of papers in this field (Biomass Energy Sources, Photovoltaic Systems and related subjects)? You might wish to do a quick literature search using tools such as Scopus and Google Scholar to see if there are any reviews of the area. If the research has been covered previously, pass on references of those works to the Editor.



Is the article clearly laid out? Are all the key elements (where relevant) present: abstract, introduction, methodology, results, conclusions? Consider each element in turn:

  • Title: Does it clearly describe the article?
  • Abstract: Does it reflect the content of the article?
    • Where graphical abstracts and/or highlights are included, please check the content and if possible make suggestions for improvement(s).
    • Introduction: Does it describe what the author hoped to achieve accurately, and clearly state the problem being investigated? Normally, the introduction should summarize relevant research to provide context, and explain what other authors' findings, if any, are being challenged or extended. It should describe the experiment, the hypothesis(es) and the general experimental design or method(s).
    • Method: Does the author accurately explain how the data was collected? Is the design suitable for answering the question posed? Is there sufficient information present for you to replicate the research? Does the article identify the procedures followed? Are these ordered in a meaningful way? If the methods are new, are they explained in detail? Was the sampling appropriate? Have the equipment and materials been adequately described? Does the article make it clear what type of data was recorded; has the author been precise in describing measurements?
    • Results: This is where the author(s) should explain in words what he/she/they discovered in the research. It should be clearly laid out and in a logical sequence. You will need to consider if the appropriate analysis has been conducted. Are the statistics correct? If you are not comfortable with statistics, please advise the Editor when you submit your report. Interpretation of results should not be included in this section.
    • Conclusion/Discussion: Are the claim(s) in this section supported by the results, do they seem reasonable? Have the authors indicated how the results relate to expectations and to earlier research? Does the article support or contradict previous theories? Does the conclusion explain how the research has moved the body of scientific knowledge forward?
    • Language: If an article is poorly written due to grammatical errors, while it may make it more difficult to understand the science, you do not need to correct the English. You should bring this to the attention of the Editor, however.
    • Finally, on balance, when considering the whole article, do the figures and tables inform the reader, are they an important part of the story? Do the figures describe the data accurately? Are they consistent, e.g. bars in charts are the same width, the scales on the axis are logical.

Previous Research

If the article builds upon previous research does it reference that work appropriately? Are there any important works that have been omitted? Are the references accurate?

Ethical Issues

  • Plagiarism: If you suspect that an article is a substantial copy of another work, please let the Editor know, immediately, citing the previous work in as much detail as possible.
  • Fraud: It is very difficult to detect the determined fraudster, but if you suspect the results in an article to be untrue, discuss it with the Editor
  • Other ethical concerns: For medical research, has confidentiality been maintained? Has there been a violation of the accepted norms in the ethical treatment of animal or human subjects? If so, then these should also be identified to the Editor



Communicating Your Report to the Editor

Once you have completed your evaluation of the article the next step is to write up your report. As a courtesy, let the Editor know if it looks like you might miss your deadline.

Some journals may request that you complete a form, checking various aspects of the paper, others will request an overview of your remarks. Either way, it is helpful to provide a quick summary of the article at the beginning of your report. This serves the dual purpose of reminding the Editor of the details of the report and also reassuring the Author(s) and Editor that you have understood the article.

The report should contain the key elements of your review, addressing the points outlined in the preceding section. Commentary should be courteous and constructive, and should not include any personal remarks or personal details including your name.

Providing insight into any deficiencies is important. You should explain and support your judgment so that both Editor and Author(s) are able to fully understand the reasoning behind your comments. You should indicate whether your comments are your own opinion or are reflected by the data.

When you make a recommendation regarding an article, it is worth considering the categories the Editor most likely uses for classifying the article.

a)       Reject (explain reason in report)

b)       Accept (without revision)

c)        Revise (either major or minor)

d)       Last, clearly identify what revision is required, and indicate to the Editor whether or not you would be happy to review the revised article.




Reviewer Name Specialty Affiliation
Abuzar Abazari Tide, Wave and Hydro Power Marine Engineering Department, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran
Emin Açıkkalp Geothermal Energy Systems Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Bilecik S.E. University, Bilecik, Turkey
Mohammad Hossein Ahmadi Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
Pouria Ahmadi University of Tehran
Shasho Akawak Biomass Energy Sources Ethiopian Environment and Forest Institute
reza alayi Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources Islamic Aazd University, Germi Branch
Mohammad Alhuyi Nazari Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies, Desalinations Systems with Renewable Energies Department of Renewable Energies and Environmental, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Hesam Addin Arghand Tide, Wave and Hydro Power Assistant Professor, Mech. Eng. Dept., University of Zanjan
Mohammad Amin Askari Farsangi Tide, Wave and Hydro Power, Transformation of Generated Electricity by Renewable Energies to Grid Sustech university
Mokhtar Bidi Faculty of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Hossein Darijani Tide, Wave and Hydro Power Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran
Mamdouh EL Haj Assad Desalinations Systems with Renewable Energies SREE Department, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
fatemeh Ghanami Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies, Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Mahyar Ghazvini Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources University of North Dakota
Kobra Heidarbeigi Solar Thermal Engineering Ilam University
Mohammad Hoseintabar Shahrood University of Technology
Mehdi Jahangiri Solar Thermal Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
Rasool Kalbasi Solar Thermal Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
Imran Khan Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar
Mohammad Hassan Khoshgoftar Manesh Hydrogen Storage and Production Department of mechanical engineering, Qom university
Ayoob Khosravi Farsany Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies Islamic Azad University, Ardal center
Taner Kilic Solar Thermal Engineering Bilecik Seyh Edebali University, Turkey
Prem Kulkarni Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources Department of Science, University of Mumbai
Ashwini Kumar Solar Thermal Engineering Research Associate Professor Faculty of Engineering & Technology, SGT-University, Gurugram-122505, Haryana, India.
Ravinder Kumar Biomass Energy Sources School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-14441
Mehrdad Mahmoudian Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources, Energy Policy Shiraz University of Technology
Mahdi Majidniya Université de Lorraine, CNRS, LEMTA, F-54000 Nancy, France
Akbar Maleki Solar Thermal Engineering Faculty of Mechanical engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Iran
Mohsen Manna Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies University of Hormozgan
Nishant Mishra Wind Energy Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Engineering, Shiv Nadar University, Gautam Buddha Nagar, India
Farrokh Mobadersani Fuel Cells Faculty of mechanical engineering, Urmia university of technology, Urmia, Iran.
Reza Morovati Low-carbon Technologies Daneshstan university
Seyed Mojtaba Mostafavi Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies University of Tasmania
Hadi Nabipour Afrouzi Hydrogen Storage and Production Swinburne University of Technology
Mohammad Alhuyi Nazari Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources Department of Renewable Energies and Environmental, Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
AWEDA OLATUNBOSUN Low-carbon Technologies Physics and Solar Energy, College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria
Mark Ovinis Systems with Low Energy Consumption Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS
Male P. Jagtap Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources, Energy Policy Dept. of mechanical engineering, Zeal College of Engineering and Research, Narhe, Pune, 411041, Maharashtra, India.
Fathollah Pourfayaz Energy Policy University of Tehran, Iran
Mahdi Pourgholi Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
saleheh poursheikhali Electricity Generation by Green Energy Sources Faculty member of Chabahar Maritime University, Department of marine engineering.
Saeed Rahgozar Low-carbon Technologies Materials and Energy Research Center, Tehran, Iran
Morteza Rahimiyan
Sajedeh Rooholamini Hydrogen Storage and Production Khaje Nasir Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Milad Sadeghzadeh Photovoltaic Systems, Solar Thermal Engineering Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Milad Sadeghzadeh Solar Thermal Engineering University of Tehran
Elham sanagar Applications of Artificial Intelligence Studies in Renewable Energies, Solar Thermal Engineering Master of urban planning and design,Independent Researcher
Lamdani Sofiane Wind Energy USTO-MB, ALGERIA
Berhanu Sugebo Desalinations Systems with Renewable Energies Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
Kai Sun Fuel Cells School of Science, Xi’an University, Xi’an 710121, China
Anteneh Tesfaye Biomass Energy Sources Ethiopian Forest Development (EFD), Forest Products Innovation Research and Training Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Sudhakar Babu Thanikanti Photovoltaic Systems Institute of Power Engineering, Department of Electrical Power Engineering, Universiti Tenaga National, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Bharosh Kumar Yadav Energy Policy Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Institute of Engineering, Purwanchal Campus, Dharan-08, Nepal
Ozgur Yayli Solar Thermal Engineering Uludag University, Turkey