Document Type : Review Paper


1 The LEAD (Leadership, Engagement, Advising, & Development) Center for Healthy Green University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Energy Department, Faculty of Architectural Engineering, University of Tehran,Tehran, Iran

4 Faculty of Architectural Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



In order to systematically reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in indoor space, it’s important to understand the building design strategies and air quality enhancement methods that set to mitigate this threat. This paper aims to introduce the different HVAC technologies used to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 in university settings in particular. Many of these technologies came to be as an outcome of scientific interest in the enhancement of indoor environmental quality. Thus, it is important to understand where airborne pathogens fit in the overall scheme of Indoor Air Health. Similarly, this paper set to reimagine architectural methods as solutions to the problem of airborne transmission of diseases. Based on the urgency of the problem and the demand of the market this paper discusses a summary of applicable technologies and strategies to combat airborne viruses, particularly COVID-19, in ventilation systems and enclosed spaces. By presenting an overview of the problem and the solutions that integrate engineering controls, design strategies and, indoor air sanitization techniques aim to create healthier indoor environments this paper aspires to move the research forward.


Main Subjects

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