Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Computer Engineering, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran.

2 Department of Computer Engineering, Germy Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran.

3 Department of Mechanics Engineering, Germy Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran.

4 Department of electrical engineering, Universitas muhammadiyah yogyakarta, Indonesia.

5 Eskisehir OsmanGazi university, Faculty of Engineering, ESKISEHIR, Turkey.

6 Department of Agriculture, Germy Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran.



In this research, technical and economic analysis of the use of storage devices in the hybrid system of wind and solar is performed with the aim of providing a maximum electrical load of residential buildings. To this aim, two scenarios of grid-connected and off-grid system have been studied. two parameters of high reliability and cost per production capacity were used. According to these two parameters, due to the low cost of grid energy and the high cost of purchasing the second scenario cell was selected with the grid-connected system approach. Based on this system, the final generation that has a surplus of production sells the energy to the network and uses the network to supply the load when there is a lack of power to supply the load. According to the cases mentioned in the second scenario, more than 50% of the requested load is supplied by the photovoltaic cell, which indicates the high potential of the study area. For the selected system, the return on investment was 7.53 years, considering the cost of energy is 0.13 $/kWh


Main Subjects

[1] Alayi, R. and Jahanbin, F. (2020). Generation management analysis of a stand-alone photovoltaic system with battery. Renewable Energy Research and Application, 1(2), 205-209. ‏
[2] Elkadeem, M. R., Wang, S., Azmy, A. M., Atiya, E. G., Ullah, Z., and Sharshir, S. W. (2020). A systematic decision-making approach for planning and assessment of hybrid renewable energy-based micro-grid with techno-economic optimization: A case study on an urban community in Egypt. Sustainable Cities and Society, 54, 102013.‏
[3] Elkadeem, M. R., Wang, S., Sharshir, S. W., and Atia, E. G. (2019). Feasibility analysis and techno-economic design of grid-isolated hybrid renewable energy system for electrification of agriculture and irrigation area: a case study in Dongola, Sudan. Energy Conversion and Management, 196, 1453-1478.‏
[4] Das, M., Singh, M. A. K., and Biswas, A. (2019). Techno-economic optimization of an off-grid hybrid renewable energy system using metaheuristic optimization approaches–case of a radio transmitter station in India. Energy conversion and management, 185, 339-352.‏
[5] Mirlohi, S. M., Sadeghzadeh, M., Kumar, R., and Ghassemieh, M. (2020). Implementation of a Zero-energy Building Scheme for a Hot and Dry Climate Region in Iran (a Case Study, Yazd). Renewable Energy Research and Application, 1(1), 65-74.
[6] Seyednouri, S.N., Ebrahimian, E., and Jalili, A. (2015). Power Loss Reduction and Voltage Profile improvement by Photovoltaic Generation. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), 20(4),192-196.
[7] Li, J., Liu, P., and Li, Z. (2020). Optimal design and techno-economic analysis of a solar-wind-biomass off-grid hybrid power system for remote rural electrification: A case study of west China. Energy, 208, 118387.‏
[8] Kumar, J., Suryakiran, B. V., Verma, A., and Bhatti, T. S. (2019). Analysis of techno-economic viability with demand response strategy of a grid-connected micro-grid model for enhanced rural electrification in Uttar Pradesh state, India. Energy, 178, 176-185.‏
[9] Khalili, H., Arash, A., and Alayi, R. (2015). Simulation and economical optimization hybrid system PV and grid in Ardabil city. Journal of Current Research in Science, 3(5), 83.‏
[10] Akram, F., Asghar, F., Majeed, M. A., Amjad, W., Manzoor, M. O., and Munir, A. (2020). Techno-economic optimization analysis of stand-alone renewable energy system for remote areas. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 38, 100673.‏
[11] Alayi, R., Kumar, R., Seydnouri, S. R., Ahmadi, M. H., and Issakhov, A. (2021). Energy, environment and economic analyses of a parabolic trough concentrating photovoltaic/thermal system. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, 16(2), 570-576. ‏
[12] Alayi, R., Zishan, F., Mohkam, M., Hoseinzadeh, S., Memon, S., and Garcia, D. A. (2021). A sustainable energy distribution configuration for micro-grids integrated to the national grid using back-to-back converters in a renewable power system. Electronics, 10(15), 1826. ‏
[13] Alayi, R. and Rouhi, H. (2020). Techno-economic analysis of electrical energy generation from urban waste in Hamadan, Iran. International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics, 15(3), 337-341.‏
[14] Javed, M. S. and Ma, T. (2019). Techno-economic assessment of a hybrid solar-wind-battery system with genetic algorithm. Energy Procedia, 158, 6384-6392.
[15] Aziz, A. S., Tajuddin, M. F. N., Adzman, M. R., Azmi, A., and Ramli, M. A. (2019). Optimization and sensitivity analysis of standalone hybrid energy systems for rural electrification: A case study of Iraq. Renewable energy, 138, 775-792.‏
[16] Alayi, R., Khan, M. R. B., and Mohmammadi, M. S. G. (2020). Feasibility study of grid-connected PV system for peak demand reduction of a residential building in Tehran, Iran. Mathematical Modelling of Engineering Problems, 7(4), 563-567.‏
[17] Ali, F., Ahmar, M., Jiang, Y., and AlAhmad, M. (2021). A techno-economic assessment of hybrid energy systems in rural Pakistan. Energy, 215, 119103.‏
[18] Ghaderian, A., Jahangiri, M., and Saghaei, H. (2020). Emergency Power Supply for NICU of a Hospital by Solar-Wind-Based System, a Step Towards Sustainable Development. Journal of Solar Energy Research, 5(3), 506-515.
[19] Alotaibi, D. M., Akrami, M., Dibaj, M., and Javadi, A. A. (2019). Smart energy solution for an optimized sustainable hospital in the green city of NEOM. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 35, 32-40.
[20] Çetinbaş, İ., Tamyürek, B., and Demirtaş, M. (2019). Design, Analysis and Optimization of a Hybrid Microgrid System using HOMER Software: Eskişehir Osmangazi University Example. International Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 8(1).
[21] Tarekegn, Y. and Tesfaw, D. Design and Simulation of Uninterrupted power supply system of a Clinic with the help of stand by photo voltaic generator.
[22] Zeljković, Č., Mršić, P., Erceg, B., Lekić, Đ., Kitić, N., and Matić, P. (2021). Optimal sizing of photovoltaic-wind-diesel-battery power supply for mobile telephony base stations. Energy, 122545.
[23] Isa, N. M., Tan, C. W., and Yatim, A. H. M. (2017, July). A techno-economic assessment of grid-connected photovoltaic system for hospital building in Malaysia. In IOP conference series: materials science and engineering (Vol. 217, No. 1, p. 012016). IOP Publishing.
[24] Jahangiri, M., Karimi Shahmarvandi, F., and Alayi, R., (2021), “Renewable Energy-based Systems on a Residential Scale in Southern Coastal Areas of Iran: Trigeneration of Heat, Power, and Hydrogen”. Journal of Renewable Energy and Environment, In press.