Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran.

2 Research and Innovation Manager, Amard-e Farda Energy Systems, Amol, Iran.


The present study aims to investigate the possibility of using wind energy in some regions of Zanjan province. The current research concentrates on computing the wind energy potential and wind power density. Furthermore, some features related to wind for two locations in Zanjan province have been obtained. Feasibility study of wind energy utilization and computing of wind power density and wind power potential has been widely (Extensively-comprehensively) conducted for Zanjan province. First, two locations in Zanjan province have been considered to analyze the data at a reasonable level of province and to avoid over-focusing on one area. Thereafter, the statistics about wind speed were achieved from the Renewable Energy Organization of Iran in ten-minute intervals and included wind speeds at the heights of 30,10, and 40 m and wind directions at heights of 30 and 37.5 m. Finally, various wind features have been investigated for given locations in Zanjan province. The results demonstrate that the annual wind speed for Soltanieh and Tarom in the height of 40 m were 4.81 m/s and 3.93 m / s, respectively. The highest value U_me and U_mp is calculated, It was observed at a height of 40 m at Soltanie, It is 11.35 m / s and 1.27 m / s, respectively. Also, the performance of several wind turbines in the mentioned areas has been investigated. Finally, a suitable wind turbine has been identified.


Main Subjects

[1] Can Ozay and Melih Soner Celiktas. Statistical analysis of wind speed using two-parameter Weibull distribution in Alaçatı region. Energy Conversion and Management 2016; 121:49-54.
[2] Aien M, Rashidinejad M, and Fotuhi-Firuzabad M. On possibilistic and probabilistic uncertainty assessment of power flow problem: a review and a new approach. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2014; 37:883–95.
[3] Fadai D. The feasibility of manufacturing wind turbines in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2007; 11:536–42.
[4] ⟨⟩ [accessed 2019.11.30].
[5] Alireza Tajeddin and Farivar Fazelpour. Towards realistic design of wind dams: An innovative approach to enhance wind potential. Applied Energy 2016; 182:282-298.
[6] GH.R. Faghani, Z. Najafian Ashrafi, and A. Sedaghat. Extrapolating wind data at high altitudes with high precision methods for accurate evaluation of wind power density, case study: Center of Iran. Energy Conversion and Management 2018; 157:317-338.
[7] Pedram Hanafizadeh, Amirmohammad Sattari, Seyed Erfanrfan Hosseinidoost, Ashkan Irannezhad, and Pouria. Ahmadi. Wind resource assessment of Khuzestan province in Iran. Energy Equipment and Systems 2016; 4:81-94.
[8] Mostafaeipour A and Abarghooei H. Harnessing wind energy at Manjil area located in north of Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2008; 12:1758–66.
[9] Mostafaeipour A. Feasibility study of harnessing wind energy for turbine installation in province of Yazd in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2010; 14:93–111.
[10] Keyhani A, Ghasemi-Varnamkhasti M, Khanali M, and Abbaszadeh R. An assessment of wind energy potential as a power generation source in the capital of Iran, Tehran. Energy 2010; 35:188–201.
[11] Fazelpour F, Soltani N, Soltani S, and Rosen MA. Assessment of wind energy potential and economics in the north-western Iranian cities of Tabriz and Ardabil. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2015; 45:88–99.
[12] Fazelpour F, Soltani N, and Rosen MA. Wind resource assessment and wind power potential for the city of Ardabil, Iran. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering 2014; 1:1–8.
[13] Mostafaeipour A, Sedaghat A, Dehghan-Niri AA, and Kalantar V. Wind energy feasibility study for city of Shahrbabak in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2011; 15:2545–56.
[14] Mohammadi K, and Mostafaeipour A. Economic feasibility of developing wind turbines in Aligoodarz, Iran. Energy Convers Manag 2013; 76:645–53.
[15] Mohammadi K, and Mostafaeipour A. Using different methods for comprehensive study of wind turbine utilization in Zarrineh, Iran. Energy Convers Manag 2013; 65:463–70.
[16] Mostafaeipour A, Sedaghat A, Ghalishooyan M, Dinpashoh Y, Mirhosseini M,Sefid M, et al. Evaluation of wind energy potential as a power generation source for electricity production in Binalood, Iran. Renew Energy 2013; 52:222–9.
[17] Mostafaeipour A, Jadidi M, Mohammadi K, and Sedaghat A. An analysis of wind energy potential and economic evaluation in Zahedan, Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2014; 30:641–50.
[18] Mostafaeipour A. Feasibility study of offshore wind turbine installation in Iran compared with the world. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2010; 14:1722–43.
[19] Ghobadian B, Najafi G, Rahimi H, and Yusaf TF. Future of renewable energies in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2009; 13:689–95.
[20] Bagheri Moghaddam N, Mousavi SM, Nasiri M, Moallemi EA, and Yousefdehi H. Wind energy status of Iran: evaluating Iran's technological capability in manufacturing wind turbines. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2011; 15:4200–11.
[21] Najafi G and Ghobadian B. LLK1694-wind energy resources and development in Iran. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2011; 15:2719–28.
[22] Asrari A, Ghasemi A, and Javidi MH. Economic evaluation of hybrid renewable energy systems for rural electrification in Iran—a case study. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2012; 16:3123–30.
 [23] Amir Teimourian, Arian Bahrami, Hanifa Teimourian, Maryam Vala, and Abdullah Oraj Huseyniklioglu. Assessment of wind energy potential in the southeastern province of Iran. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects 2019; 41: 1556-7230
[24] Omid Alavi, Kasra Mohammadi, and Ali Mostafaeipour. Evaluating the suitability of wind speed probability distribution models: A case of study of east and southeast parts of Iran. Energy Conversion and Management 2016; 119:101-108.
[25] Omid Alavi, Ahmad Sedaghat, and Ali Mostafaeipour. Sensitivity analysis of different wind speed distribution models with actual and truncated wind data: A case study for Kerman, Iran. Energy Conversion and Management 2016; 120:51-61.
[26] Farivar Fazelpour, Elin Markarian, and Nima Soltani. Wind energy potential and economic assessment of four locations in Sistan and Balouchestan province in Iran. Renewable Energy 2017; 109:646-667.
[27] P. Alamdari, O. Nematollahi, and M. Mirhosseini. Assessment of wind energy in Iran: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2012; 16:836-860.
[28] Manuchehr Farajzadeh and Ali Taghilo. The Wind Energy Potential Zoning using GIS and Fuzzy MCDM-based Approach (Studied Area: Zanjan Province, Iran). The International Journal of Humanities 2013; 20:45-60.
[29] Renewable energies organization of Iran. ⟨⟩ [accessed 2019.11.30].
[30] Amir Dabbaghiyan, Farivar Fazelpour, Mohhamadreza Dehghan Abnavi, and Marc A. Rosen. Evaluation of wind energy potential in province of Bushehr, Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2016; 55:455-466.
[31] Paritosh Bhattacharya, Rakhi Bhattacharjee. A Study on Weibull Distribution for Estimating the Parameters. Wind Engineering. 2009; 5:469-476.
[32] Fa Liua, Fubao Suna,b,c, Wenbin Liua, Tingting Wanga, Hong Wanga, Xunming Wanga, and Wee Ho Lima. On wind speed pattern and energy potential in China. Applied Energy 2019; 236:867-876.
[33] Rahul Singh and Om Prakash. Wind energy evaluation for power ceneration in selected districts of Kerala. UPB Scientific Bulletin, Series D: Mechanical Engineering 2018; 80: 1454-2358.
[34] Jiale Li and Xiong (Bill) Yu. LiDAR technology for wind energy potential assessment: Demonstration and validation at a site around Lake Erie. Energy Conversion and Management 2017; 144:252-261.
[35] Windographer Software. ⟨⟩ [accessed 2020.01.30].
[36] ⟨⟩. Accessed 2020.01.30].
[37]⟨⟩ [accessed 2020.01.30].
[38] ⟨http://www.aeronauticawind. ⟩. [Accessed 2020.01.30].
[39] Nedaei M, Assareh E, and Biglari M. An extensive evaluation of wind resource using new methods and strategies for development and utilizing wind power in Mah-shahr station in Iran. Energy Convers Manag 2014; 81:475–503.