Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mazandaran University of Science and Technology, Babol, Iran.

2 Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran.

3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran.


Due to the lack of transmission and distribution network in remote and impassable areas due to the high cost of construction of the transmission line along with the unsuitable geographical conditions and taking into account the factors affecting sustainable energy production, the use of a hybrid system seems like a sensible solution. Designing hybrid systems in order to respond throughout the year is of paramount importance. In this research, this study investigates the participation of wind turbine, photovoltaic and hybrid system with demand response in the presence of energy storage. The participation of renewable energy in providing demand response will be presented in three seminars: 1: The role of wind turbine partnership with storage, 2: the role of photovoltaic with storage, 3: hybrid mode with storage. The best ways to generate electricity are sought from three different scenarios to select the best possible case. It can be said that renewable energy is economically competitive with fossil energy and this energy can be used and implemented along with distribution networks. While analyzing the participation of different hybrid systems and estimating the cost of optimization, the total price for each unit of energy production, energy storage, Net Present Cost (NPC) and participation in demand supply will be compared. Comparative results show that the hybrid design can have a more appropriate and desirable performance. HOMER software is used to determine the optimal possible modes for these systems, in the position of 37 degrees latitude and 42 degrees longitude.


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